Discrimination against women is a topic that has always accompanied the history of all societies in all ages. It is an issue that can be expressed with different formulas and paradigms, but de facto discrimination against women is omnipresent. Even in our present era that is characterized by the complexity of globalization and unexpected risks, like Covid-19. The reasons for discriminatory stances against women are both social and legal, mutually influencing each other. The comparison is between social issues, which develop and change over the ages, and legislative responses.Within this dialogue between society and law, international tools and institutions play a fundamental role. In particular, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women is the United Nations Treaty Body that oversees the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).This manuscript is intended to be an analysis of how the Committee interacts with the individual States Parties to the CEDAW Convention for its implementation in national practices and legislative systems.